“Learning disability” is an all–encompassing term referring to people’s inability to process information, thus leading to difficulties at school, at work, or in social situations. Generally speaking, learning disabilities last a lifetime and affect a person’s ability to read, communicate, calculate mathematical problems and build social relationships.
But learning disabilities are often combined with other physical and mental difficulties. For example, some people also have complex physical needs or have challenging behaviour. So the term “learning disability” refers to a much more complex range of issues and conditions than you might expect. Across much of the rest of Europe and North America, the term “intellectual disability” is used to describe a “learning disability”.